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First Week of Summer Camp

posted Jun 14, 2014, 5:29 PM by Regional Commissioner   [ updated Jun 16, 2014, 11:34 AM ]

Palo Alto AYSO - UK Summer Camp - Greer 2


Sign up for summer camp now.  Each camp is a week long.  Choose form half day or full day.  More information is HERE

My son had a great time. The coaches, Andrew and Ben, were awesome. I feel like they really inspired my son to learn this game.  I think they took very good care of the kids. I never worried about their safety. We especially enjoyed the video that they put together at the end of the week and posted on YouTube. My son has a summer full of camps, but he does have two free weeks and we are definitely signing up again. Please relay my thanks to the coaches, they did a great job.                                            Michael Yen

Sports Should Be Child's Play

posted Jun 11, 2014, 8:37 AM by Regional Commissioner

In a recent article in The New York Times, June 10, 2014, David Epstein wrote an op-ed addressing two key issues in youth sports today, field size and specialization.  

" Several studies on skill acquisition now show that elite athletes generally practiced their sport less through their early teenage years and specialized only in the mid-to-late teenage years, while so-called sub-elites — those who never quite cracked the highest ranks — homed in on a single sport much sooner." -- Epstein

"Because families with greater financial resources were better able to facilitate the travel and private coaching that specialization requires, socioeconomic status turned up as a positive predictor of serious injury." --Epstein

AYSO, 50 years ago, addressed both of these issues by formalizing, for the first time in youth sports, small sided fields, small equipment, smaller teams, and simplified rules, appropriate to the age level. AYSO encourages players to play many sports, not just soccer, recognizing the injury prone-nature of repeated same-stress on growing bones, joints and muscles.  Additionally, AYSO policy is to discourage specialization within the sport of soccer in young divisions, and only in u10 is position specialization permitted to begin, and not until U12 is position specialization encouraged. 

Read the full article here.

End of Season Survey Results

posted Jun 8, 2014, 8:58 AM by Regional Commissioner   [ updated Jun 8, 2014, 9:45 AM ]

I want to thank our parents who took the time to provide us feedback.  This is your organization into which you have entrusted management to myself and your board.  We work hard to manage your program, but need your feedback and guidance to know where we are doing well, and where we are not.  Especially, I want to thank those of you that provided some ideas and guidance in the comments section, especially valuable to improving our programs.

As a result of this feedback we are taking two major actions, as well as making some minor adjustments to our programs to improve them and bring them more in line with your expectations.  The two major actions are;
  • bringing the Instructional and Advanced programs into better alignment
  • reviewing our coaching roster and making changes

More detail of the results are collated below.

The following information is from respondents to the Season Feedback and is intended to be representative of the total.
Feedback  was given prior to June 8, 2014

23% of the respondents identified themselves

2/3 of the responding families had 1 child in the program
10% had more than 2 children in the program

Instructional and Select families responded in equal numbers, implying that the Select family representation was triple in percentage

85% would recommend their coach to another family

7% felt their coach did not follow AYSO principles

8% felt their coach did not help their player make expected progress

2% felt their children were very unsatisfied
8% felt their children were unsatisfied
12% felt their children thought their experience was ok
31% felt their children were satisfied
48% felt their children were very satisfied

Similar numbers of satisfaction were recorded for the parents satisfaction.

Coaching  12% very unsatisfied
                 6% unsatisfied 
                12% OK
                14% satisfied
                44% very satisfied

Refereeing quality was almost all positive comments

68% of the respondents did volunteer in some capacity

Any Comments About Volunteering that Would Help Us?
  • Coaching and refereeing is way too much for me to accomplish. You should train some young coaches/high school kids like Soccer Shots to make the practices fun for the kids. 
  • All parents should at least take a role instead of one person does it all. 
  • Palo AYSO really needs more active and involved age-group commissioners. They could help resolve any issues in a given league and allow the lead commissioner to focus on big picture management issues. 
  • An in person volunteer's meeting at start of fall season would help for first time volunteers, maybe little tables where you could learn about duties of each job. The website is confusing, and too busy. 
  • I felt like the website had so many links and so many places to go to find information that it was overwhelming. I was never quite sure if I had read everything because whenever I thought I had it all down, I'd find a new link with a whole new set of information and guidelines. It was very stressful in the beginning and at the end as I wasn't quite sure if I was doing things properly. I'm still not sure we did everything quite right... 
  • Better organization. Expectations are not clear and communication to regional volunteers was not good.
  •  I was a spontaneous volunteer as a line judge on several occasions. I would have liked to do more, but work and family commitments really got in the way this spring. 
  • On Line videos for helping coaching and players understand where to focus on. UK Soccer help. 
  • Get paid refs and increase the cost per girl to cover the extra cost 
  • Being a Field Marshall is easy. I did it twice this year. It does not require a 1 hour in person training session for a 2 hour volunteer job. Send an email description of the job to parents instead of asking them to attend a meeting. Removes a barrier to participation. Parents are too busy for xtra evening meetings.
  • Discount fees for coaches 
  • Very unequal distribution of volunteer work. Anyone can ref, only three of us did. Many parents NEVER helped move goals or anything else. 
  • I noticed that there were 3 assistant coaches and 4 team managers signed up, but two of the assistant coaches were never there (and one of them, the child was never there, did he play with another team perhaps?). None of the team managers did much either, our snacks were unorganized. I think I expected our head coach to send out one beginning-of-the-season email to nominally get us organized. That didn't happen. So... the season was fine, but not as awesome as it could have been. I guess my only comment to the league specifically is to encourage the head coach to send that email at the beginning of the season so things seem more organized. 
  • assigning ref to games was confusing, different logins for kids, parent, instr. / elite, even different home pages 
  • Some people bring their kids to be babysat and I prefer to be a coach not a babysitter and that is the reason why I do not volunteer to be a coach. Also, you cannot be strict when you coach in AYSO. I am glad that others are able to volunteer and i command them for that 
  • Was very fun. I am so happy that I helped out with field Marshall. It was a great experience. 
  • Did not want to give my social security number 
  • I refereed. Too few referees meant I did games alone, which had the usual effect -- unhappy coaches. 
General Comments Provided in the Feedback

What was your favorite part of the season?
Weekend gamespractices Great coaches The games! Spending time with other families my daughter had all her school friends on the team and it helped to know the parents games on saturday every practice was fun Practice flexibility Coach and team spirit some of the players it was all good Practice I like how Kinder soccer is organized with 1 day on Saturdaywatching boys have fun togethe Tournaments Games Fall tournament The Coach Traveling to Davis and being in Presidents Cup Positive energy coaches Games, friends Davis cup Coaches taught so well and were organized When it was over Practices and games Season League Games The training sessions watching the kids enjoy free play all of it Doing shared practices with another team Watching my son play coach did a mini keeper wars for spring instructional Other teammates The first 3/4 of the season was great allWhen the players knew they played well and had fun, even if they did not winCoach

What was your least favorite part of the season?
Team strength Injuries not long enough Single field.  Memorial Day wekeend game. Games in other towns Trying to wheel nets that the wheels did not work on. El Palo Alto practicing with 3rd Select team Negative coaching clickiness among players no team manager Not feeling respected or listened to by the coach Practices Started spring season late and a bit disorganized at first losing nearly every game -- quite uneven range of team skills Can't think of any Spring usual AYSO disorganization Occasional blow ups from the coachNone spring - coach was only at games Terrible practice field Practice time, wish it was slightly later. 10 am or later in the morning. n/aKids who didn't really want to play Davis Tournament Not enough parents participation The schedule none early morning games :) Uneven competitiontraveling to games far awayGames lack of carpool games/practicesthe crazy uniform policy Lack of parent volunteers on team first 2 times were chaos. my son would not go back. The last 1/4 because the season was too long last fall. It started early so it was just too much. The games ending My child's response to negative coaching Not sure

The Whole is Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts

posted Jun 8, 2014, 7:27 AM by Regional Commissioner   [ updated Jun 8, 2014, 8:13 AM ]

The Elite Program is beginning its 3rd year this fall.  It was originally conceived in Palo Alto as part of the AYSO Extra® Program, similar to the Spring Select Program.  Intended to provide more advanced instruction and competitive play, the Elite Program included a game venue against similarly competitive teams in the greater Bay Area, and tournaments.

The prior year, the Recreational Program was transformed into the Instructional Program with increased emphasis on soccer instruction.  Still intended for recreational soccer players, the increased instruction is intended to better enable recreational players to understand, enjoy and play soccer.

Spring Instructional was added to the Palo Alto AYSO program, providing for more recreational soccer fun.  

Altogether, the Fall Instructional, Fall Elite, Spring Instructional and Spring Select permit a near year-round enjoyment of the great game of soccer at both the recreational and competitive level.

However, our experience from the past did not prepare us for some of the challenges that have emerged, and we need to make an extra effort, and adjustment of our programs, to re-align them to better fulfill our intended program benefits.

Our historical experience was based upon Fall Recreational and Spring Select only.  The two programs provided fall recreational soccer, and competitive soccer for a small subset of players in the spring.  The two programs did not overlap or compete with each other for coaches, resources, players, fields, or management attention.  

With the addition first of Instructional Spring soccer and then Fall Elite competitive soccer, these programs do overlap.  Our challenge is to now dovetail the programs in such a way that resources are shared, and in such a way that each program complements and enhances the other.

A model for this exists in AYSO, called Concurrent AYSO Extra.  In this model, the coaches, teams and players are bound more integrally, with a mixture of common and separate training and game venues.  The planning of this model can be complicated, but the end result seen from the point of view of the player and their families is not much different than it has been, other than the training and play being improved.

I will be working with our Board and our coaches on this  for the next two months.  I hope to be able to report more detail July, and for certain, we will address these issues this fall.

Thank You for reading our Newsletter posts.
Gordon Short
Regional Commissioner
Palo Alto AYSO

Davis World Cup Wrapup

posted May 28, 2014, 11:51 AM by Regional Commissioner   [ updated Jun 4, 2014, 8:27 AM ]

Congratulations to all of our Palo Alto Spring Select (PASS) teams for a job well done this past weekend at the Davis World Cup tournament. We had 9 PASS teams go this year and 4 of them made medal rounds, and another made the quarter finals. The road to play on Monday in this tournament is not easy, especially in divisions with double elimination such as U12 and U14. Playing 6 to 7 games in 3 days is difficult enough without having to deal with the 94+ degree heat we had this weekend. All of the teams, whether they made it to Monday or not, can be proud of their hard work this weekend and for the entire season.

5 Teams Made It Past the Elimination Round 


G10 Net Rippers finished 2nd. They finished 5th in the White Bracket of 6 teams, but did not let up in the quarter final elimination game against Sunnyvale. The game with Sunnyvale was 0-0 late in the game when the Net Rippers scored a late goal to end 1-0. Their hard work earned them a trip to the semi final round against a fresh PHMSA team who earned a first round bye. The Net Rippers won the game 2-1 to advance into the finals against Davis, where they were eliminated 0-3.


B10 Sharks finished 4th. The Sharks finished 2nd in pool play even with a rocky start in their first game loss against the eventual champion of the White Bracket of 6 teams. They made up for it with a dominant quarter final win over Concord, but couldn't keep the momentum going in their loss to Sunnyvale in the semi final game only to play Davis in the consolation game.


B12 Spartans finished 4th. They had a difficult path to the medal round, a total of 7 games with a division of 16 teams. The Spartans finished 3rd in pool play. The first elimination game was against Davis with a sound 5-2 win, then faced Mountain View in the quarter final elimination game that battled to a 0-0 tie at the end of regulation. Setting up kicks from the mark to determine who advanced. The Sharks won the shootout 4-2 with their keeper blocking 3 of the 5 MV attempts. The win put them in the semi-final game against PHMSA, and an unfortunate 5-1 loss. They matched up against MDSA in the consolation game. Worthy of note, three of the top 4 teams that placed out of 16 teams came from the Spartan's original pool, finishing 1st, 2nd, and 4th.


B14 Elite made the final 8 of 12 teams, but were eliminated in the quarter finals. They finished in the bottom of their pool, but did not get discouraged. They had an exciting first round elimination game against PHMSA. In a very close 2-1 match. In this key elimination game, a PK was called with only seconds remaining in regulation time. The Palo Alto keeper selected the right direction, defended the shot, and before any one could play the ball the game was over and they advanced to the quarter finals. Their quarter final game ended in a 3-0 loss to 2nd place finisher, Visalia. Visalia had earned a bye and was fresh coming in against Elite. 


B19 Raptors finished 4th. After finishing first in their pool, this young B19 team headed into their quarter final elimination game against PCSSL arch-rival Millbrae. The game ended 2-2 and went to kicks from the mark to decide the match. Palo Alto made their first two and the Palo Alto keeper blocked Millbrae's first two shots. Millbrae made their 3rd to close the gap to 2-1, Palo Alto missed again just off the pipe, followed by another deflected shot by the Palo Alto keeper. With needing only one more goal to win the game the Palo Alto keeper took and made the 5th shot to advance the Raptors to the Semi final. Down 1-0 in the second half, Palo Alto lost their keeper to injury and was out of the tournament, the final result was a 2-0 loss to Davis who took first place. The consolation game ended in a close 1-0 loss to the other Davis team.

The heat of this past weekend and the experiences were an excellent primer as they head south to Riverside, CA for the National Games.

Congratulations and Good Luck,

David Mucciarone
PASS Coordinator

Spring Select: PCSSL Season Wrap Up

posted May 19, 2014, 12:05 PM by Regional Commissioner   [ updated May 19, 2014, 12:29 PM ]

Spring Select:  PCSSL Season Wrap Up

Program Director:  David Mucciarone

With Davis as our next event coming up this weekend, I do want to take a moment to reflect on the PCSSL season while it's still fresh in our minds, and since all of our teams will not be attending the Davis World Cup tournament. For them, the season has come to a close. I want to say thanks to all of the players, parents and the coaches for a job well done. 

Overall this was a good season for our 14 Select teams. We have seen some young teams that are now the older team as their division progressed well over the past two years. It's not just about the Wins in the standings, but improvement that is being made with each passing season and that these players are sticking around to play more soccer, in our program. It shows that we are working to do the right thing in providing them a positive playing experience. Coming back for more is one of the most important indicators that our coaches are providing the right environment and reflects well upon our program as a whole.  

PCSSL put together different flights that was intended to match similar team strength. They didn't always do this well, especially in the two flight divisions, so the win-loss records can be misleading. I hope next season, when possible, all teams within a flight should play against each other, and if another game is needed to complete the 8 game schedule, then playing outside of the flight is okay.  This is better than playing the same team twice. I will work with the scheduler next season to fix this. 

The season does have its highlights in PCSSL. We should look at all of our divisions, not just your own, to see and to congratulate our fellow coaches and their teams for a job well done. Even the teams that did not place, their record may be misleading. Looking close at some of the match ups, there were some close games. 

This PCSSL Season

G10 Net Rippers coached by Jim Pflasterer finished 2nd in the upper division
G10 Predators coached by Karl Yost finished 2nd in the lower division

G12 Thunder coached by Jim Smith finished 2nd in the upper division

B10 Serpents coached by Jerome Dochez finished 1st in the lower division. 

B12 Spartans coached by Sefano and Jim McGregor finished 2nd in the upper division. They also finished 2nd at Concord this past weekend. 

B19 Raptors coached by me finished 1st in the solo flight

Tryouts went well this past weekend. More tryouts this Thursday for some of the divisions. Thanks to all that could pitch in Saturday to help. High 5s to Gordon for all of his hard work getting the word out and for his endless amount of support on so many fronts.



RC Footnote; I am pleased with the progress of our Select and Elite program to rebuild our competitive teams.  Clearly, providing year-round opportunity, and improving our coach bench have both been seminal to rebuilding this service to our community.  It is accomplished with the hard work and many hours our coaches are dedicating to our community and families.  Many thanks and kudos to the coaches.

El Palo Alto Recap

posted May 7, 2014, 5:13 PM by Regional Commissioner   [ updated May 7, 2014, 5:54 PM ]

El Palo Alto Recap

El Palo Alto Invitational Tournament was a great success, by all accounts.  With nearly 50% more teams than last year, El Palo Alto is enjoying phenomenal popularity.  This year,
El Palo Alto hosted 95 teams with 1139 players.  12 of those teams of 143 players were from Palo Alto.

Our parents from Spring Instructional joined with our Select Field Marshals to provide a great experience from team check-in for the Tournament, to field management, and setup/tear-down.  A big thank you to the volunteer help.

El Palo Alto hosted play in U10, U12, U14 and U16 for both genders.  Three U19 girls teams played in the U16 division.  Keeper wars for U10 and U12 were a big hit, with lots of cheering and audience participation.

Officiating was a highlight of the Tournament, with 151 games played.  Only 3 games did not have a complete team of a referee and 2 assistant referees, certified to the divisional level of the game.  Those 3 games required a club linesman to help call ball in/out.  The AYSO referees pitched in from all over the Bay Area and we especially appreciate their efforts to make El Palo Alto a success.

The team that traveled from the furthest away this year came from Visalia. YMC Alliance played in the U14B division.

Coaches and parents from visiting regions have cited the following factors as great positives for El Palo Alto
  • hospitality and efficiency of Field Marshal operation
  • great playing weather
  • good officiating
  • good fields (lets not talk about Greer 5)
  • flexible tournament format to accommodate strange numbers of teams
  • good seeding of teams to provide competition at different levels of play
  • same day tournament check in for traveling teams
  • late-start game schedule for teams that travel into the Tournament
  • Earthquakes' game on Saturday night (ahem, well, ok, so that was not our doing)
We received a few suggestions for improvement as well
  • tighten up the delay time between reporting of game results and challenges
  • on-field method of displaying game results
  • consolidate U10 onto a complex, rather than scattering them about the city
  • ensure all Field Marshals are fully trained

Championship Teams


  1. 218-Hurricanes
  2. 26-Netrippers
  3. 305-United
  4. 44-Cheetahs

  1. 223-Heat
  2. 109-Fireballs
  3. 45-Avalanche
  4. 249-Celtic

  1. 45-Revolution
  2. 1-Spring
  3. 109-TNT
  4. 44-Demolition

  1. 218-Fusion
  2. 218-Notorious
  3. 218-Finesse
  4. 45-Aftershock

  1. 45-Venemous Tigers
  2. 62-United
  3. 64-Barcelona
  4. 26-Sharks

  1. 35-FC
  2. 26-Titans
  3. 26-Spartans
  4. 64-Spurs

Blue Flight
  1. 145-Unted
  2. 45-Terremotos
  3. 305-United
  4. 109-Select
White Flight
  1. 129-YMC Alliance
  2. 62-United
  3. 44-Fury
  4. 43-Albion

  1. 36-Clasico
  2. 45-Wanderers
  3. 44-Strikeforce
  4. 62-United

AYSO Sets World Record for Largest Pickup-Up Game on Earth

posted May 6, 2014, 7:46 AM by Regional Commissioner   [ updated May 6, 2014, 7:48 AM ]

May 3: AYSO Sets the World Record for Biggest Pick-Up Game on Earth!

We did it! The first world record for the Biggest Pick-Up Game on Earth was set on Saturday, May 3, as 14,628 soccer players in 136 communities across the U.S. joined together to celebrate AYSO's landmark 50th Anniversary.

Open to both AYSO and guest players, the pick-up style national event spotlighted soccer and fun as the foundation of a healthy, active lifestyle. Thousands of parents, siblings, volunteers and fans were on hand to cheer the players on to this first-ever world record.

A special THANKS to DOLE® Fruit Squish'ems, the Official Snack of AYSO and Presenting Sponsor of #SoccerFEST14, and to FOX Sports 1, Presenting Sponsor of AYSO's 50th Anniversary.

Feedback From a Parent

posted Feb 15, 2014, 8:12 AM by Regional Commissioner

We rarely post a parent feedback online, but Kara Kockelman touched on so many 
policy issues that it provides an opportunity to inform.   ;-)



Thanks for a great fall season!  We really enjoyed the two practices a week, nice uniforms, re-use of uniforms, lack of trophies, well-trained referees, and the three amazing 17 year-old coaches we had for my daughter's championship team. (The 3 Paly HS pals were MARVELOUS mentors for every one of our team's 3rd & 4th graders.) 


My family and I are from central Austin, Texas, and our kids play in the popular WAYA teams (, but they offer only 1 practice a week at this age, and we have loads of t-shirts & socks & trophies we don't need each year.  WAYA's seasons are also much shorter, so children just don't learn as much soccer as they do in your AYSO.  (WAYA is also less expensive, though they lease & maintain all their own buildings & fields.  But I realize central Austin land is cheaper than Palo Alto land.)


I need to unsubscribe from your emails, because we are back in Austin now (after a sabbatical at Stanford). I followed the AYSO26 commands online, about putting in nothing for my account's email address. But our account's email address is that of my husband (Steve Rosen), so I've removed his.  My email is not in the alternate email line, so I'm not sure how to unsubscribe. Perhaps that's something your web designers can work on?  I imagine you can remove me from your list anyhow.  Thank you!


I also want to talk to you about the regional championship games' not allowing 2 of our daughters' coaches (who hadn't yet turned 18) to interact with the girls during the games (over in San Mateo, when we played teams from Sacramento, Burlingame, & somewhere else).  The staff said that our amazing coaches were not supposed to be coaching all along, but I'm guessing that a father (to Brittany Rowe, I imagine) also signed up with them, and that's what allowed them to coach. Is that right?  Of course, it's always a low probability that we can make it into the championships (& be stopped from coaching while the games are in play), so WE ALL REALLY HOPE YOU WILL ALLOW HS SENIORS TO COACH TEAMS.  It was priceless for the girls. Attached is a letter of reference my husband and I wrote.  I think all the parents would very happily sign onto this letter. (There just wasn't time to get their names & titles over the holiday break.)  This is how we felt about all the coaches.


Please confirm for me that you will continue to allow 17 year-old seniors to coach teams.  I hope you & others can encourage it, in fact. It made a huge difference for us - and for these HS seniors, no doubt.


Thanks so much, Gordon.  You did & do so much work for AYSO.

Hope to join you all again in a future season!


Kara & family


Dr.  Kara Kockelman, PhD, PE

E.P. Schoch Professor in Engineering

Department of Civil, Architectural & Environmental Engineering

The University of Texas at Austin


Thanks for the encouragement and support.  I agree, high school students can be awesome coaches and mentors. My own daughter started last year while in 8th grade, and the feedback from her team's parents is similar to yours. 


For legal and liability reasons, AYSO policy is to not allow minors to perform in a supervisory capacity of children, which is a part of a coaches function. 


We work with this policy by ensuring there is a properly trained and certified adult present to act as the 'official' coach, and the high school coaches are officially, 'coach helpers'.   This all works out fine within Palo Alto, and as you observed, the dad was present at each function to fulfill our policy requirement. 


At tournaments, only official coaches may stand in the coaches area and perform the coaching function. We make sure our high school coaches know of this issue ahead of time and are prepared for it. 


I will check your accounts and unsubscribe you.

Gordon Short

Regional Commissioner

Palo Alto AYSO 


U14G Area Tournament

posted Dec 22, 2013, 7:41 PM by Regional Commissioner   [ updated Dec 22, 2013, 7:49 PM ]

Thank you everyone for a great fun tournament Saturday.  It was a little touch and go regarding the field closure at the opening of the day, but as the morning hours went on with no more rain it became clear that we were going to be able to continue.  ;-)

The online spreadsheet shows the results of the tournament.  It is notable that no cautions or send-offs were reported.  There were no protests or recorded irregularities.  A great day.  Cold and windy, but dry enough.

Special thanks to the referees that braved the cold and enabled our tournament, and special thanks to the referees that will come out today.

The winning team from each pool advances to the championship round this morning.  The winner of pool 1 plays the winner of pool 4.  The winner of pool 2 plays the winner of pool 3.   These four teams need to plan on playing the Semi-Final and Final games.

These games are full length with 35 minute halves, and will play to concluding a winner.  If the game is tied, it will go into overtime with two 5-minute halves.  If still tied, then PKs until the tie is broken.

In case a match ends in a tie, here is the procedure for the PK Shootout

The following is a summary of the procedure for kicks from the penalty mark. The procedure is specified in FIFA's booklet Laws of the Game, not as one of the 17 numbered laws, but within the supplementary sections Procedures to Determine the Winner of a Match or home-and-away(pp. 54–56) and Additional instructions and guidelines for referees (p. 130).
  • The team to take the first kick is decided by a coin toss and the referee chooses the goal at which the kicks are taken.
  • All kicks are taken at one goal to ensure that both teams' kick-takers and goalkeepers face the same pitch irregularities (if any), wind and sun conditions, etc.
  • All players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the pitch's centre circle.
  • Each kick is taken in the general manner of a penalty kick. Each kick is taken from the penalty mark, with the goal defended only by the opposing goalkeeper. The goalkeeper must remain between the goal-posts on his goal-line until the ball has been kicked, although he can jump in place, wave his arms, move side to side along the goal line or otherwise try to distract the shooter.
  • Each kicker can kick the ball only once per attempt. If the ball is blocked by the goalkeeper the kicker cannot score from the rebound (unlike a normal penalty kick). Similarly, if the ball bounces off the goal posts or crossbar, the kicker cannot score from the rebound.
  • No other player on either team, other than the designated kicker and goalkeeper, may touch the ball.
  • A kick is successful if, having been touched once by the kicker, it crosses the goal line without going out of play or touching any player other than the defending goalkeeper. The ball may touch the goalkeeper, posts, or crossbar any number of times before going into the net.
  • Teams take turns to kick from the penalty mark in attempt to put the ball into the net, until each has taken five kicks. However, if one side has scored more successful kicks than the other could possibly reach with all of its remaining kicks, the shoot-out ends regardless of the number of kicks remaining.
  • If at the end of these five rounds of kicks the teams have scored an equal number of successful kicks, sudden death rounds of one kick each are used until one side scores and the other does not.
  • Only players who were on the pitch at the end of play are allowed to participate in the shoot-out.
  • A team may replace a goalkeeper who becomes injured during the shoot-out with a substitute.
  • If a goalkeeper is sent off during the shoot-out, another player who finished the game must act as goalkeeper.
  • If a player, other than the goalkeeper, becomes injured or is sent off during the shoot-out, then the shoot-out continues with no substitution allowed.
  • Any player remaining on the pitch may act as goalkeeper, and it is not required that the same player act as goalkeeper throughout the shoot-out.
  • No player is allowed to take a second kick from the penalty mark until all other eligible players have taken a first kick, including the goalkeeper.
  • If it becomes necessary for players to take a second kick (because the score has remained equal after all eligible players have taken their first kick), teams are not required to follow the same order of kickers as was used for the first kick.
  • If at the beginning of kicks from the penalty mark one side has more players on the pitch than the other, then the side with more players must select an appropriate number of players who will not take part. For example, if Team A has 11 players but Team B only has 10, then Team A will choose one player who will not take part. Players deselected cannot play any part in the procedure: so a goalkeeper cannot be deselected from kicking while retained for saving. This applies whether players are absent through injury or being sent off.  However, if a player is injured or sent off during the shoot-out, the same principle does not apply and the referee does not reduce the number of players on the opposing team.

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